What we did
LOCAL4GREEN has supported Mediterranean Local Authorities to use the green local taxation as a tool to promote Renewable Energy Sources.
78 pilot municipalities from Albania, Croatia, Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, Slovenia, Spain and Portugal, have been involved in the Project, designing and implementing innovative local fiscal policies to promote RES. In these municipalities located in rural and island areas, with specific economical and technical constraints, the green fiscal policies have had a key role in increasing RES, being proper tools to engage both public and private actors.
173 green fiscal policies have been designed. Most of the policies entail a reduction on: the property tax, the fee for construction of new buildings/refurbishment, the fees for use or occupation of public land, the tax on economic activities, the municipal buildings leasing/renting revenues and the waste collection and lighting fees.
79 fiscal policies have been approved by 34 pilot municipalities.
Although the Project has faced two important challenges: the limited legal capacity of Local Authorities to create or modify fiscal policies and their long decision-making, the support and lobby task done by the Partners has enabled that 79 policies were approved.
As main Project tools, to be transferred and used by other Local Authorities and stakeholders, it can be highlighted the Handbook on green fiscal policy formulation, where a participatory methodology to formulate the policies is described, as well as the International and National Handbooks on green local fiscal policy models, where the best practices from the 9 Partners’ countries are collected. Furthermore, in the International Handbook, recommendations are included to encourage the development of improved green fiscal policies and to enable Local Authorities for implementing this kind of policies.
The impacts of the Project, although estimated due to the short time for the implementation of the green policies, are translated in important key figures: the number of MWh that have become from no renewable to RES, and the number of GHG tons that have been avoided, data reflected in the Project web on Impact of the tested fiscal policies to promote RES, local4green.com.
Last but not least, LOCAL4GREEN project has an online training platform that offers to visitors different courses in several languages to learn about the green local fiscal policies, how to formulate them and what are the best green policy models.
LOCAL4GREEN has proved the feasibility and suitability of the local green taxation to promote RES and it's focused on an unexplored niche of public policies that can be exploited also to promote other sustainable development sectors, like energy efficiency and sustainable tourism.